What are the signs and symptoms of dementia?


The word dementia describes a set of symptoms which may include memory loss, difficulties with thinking, problem solving or language.

These changes are often small to begin with but they can begin to affect daily life and affect mood and behaviour. Dementia is caused when the brain is damaged by diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease or a series of strokes. Every person is unique and experiences dementia in their own way, however a person with dementia will often have problems with some of the following:

  • Day to day memory-difficulty recalling events that happened recently
  • Concentrating, planning or organising, difficulties making decisions
  • Language: difficulties finding the right word or following a conversation
  • Visiospatial skills: problems judging distances and seeing objects in three dimensions
  • Orientation: losing track of the day or date, or becoming confused about where they are
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